Bibliotheken Tentoonstellingen Judaica in Leiden

Judaica in Leiden

An exhibition in Leiden University Library at the occasion of the Congress of European Association of Jewish Studies, Amsterdam 21-25 juli 2002.

Inhoud

Introduction

I.
 BIBLE AND BIBLE COMMENTARIES
II.
 RABBINIC LITERATURE
III.
 LITURGY
IV.
 SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY
V.
 KARAITICA
VI.
 KABBALAH & MYSTICISM
VII.
 CHRISTIANITY AND HEBRAISM


I. BIBLE AND BIBLE COMMENTARIES


1719 bytesTanakh
Manuscript onparchment, 15th century, Southern Europe. Fully vocalised and accentuated script.
Or. 1197, f. 46r.
¶ Hebrew Bible with decorative Masora. This text contains the standard corpus of clerical annotations developed in the early Middle Ages by the Masoretes, here in the shape of decorative microscript. Apart from the geometric and floral patterns, which can be found throughout the manuscript, some images of animals occur in this small-sized and attractive copy of the Bible.

1514 bytes Sefer Va-Yiqra
Manuscript on parchment, 12th or 13th century, Mediterranean. Oriental square script.
Or.4737, f. 41r.
¶ The Book of Leviticus in a separate volume, with Masora and illuminations in a typical oriental style reminiscent of Qur’an texts (note the use of verse indicators).
Written by Chasdai ben Yeshua in the year 1604 of the Seleucid Era (1292-1293 CE).

1414 bytesPerush Rashi
Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac (Rashi) (1040-1105).
Manuscript on parchment, 1270, Northern Europe. Ashkenazi semi-cursive script.
Or. 4718, f. 186r.
Early copy of Rashi’s complete commentary on the Bible. Rashi, who lived in the North of France, was educated in the Medieval Rhine cities of Mainz and Worms. Here the foundations were laid which led him to compose one of the most important commentaries on the Bible and the Talmud, thus preserving the traditions of the classical Rabbinic period for posterity. Because of the early date of this meticulously and expensively executed copy, its text is regarded as highly reliable.

1158 bytes Hiddushei ha-Torah
Manuscript onparchment, 1400. Ashkenazi semi-cursive script.
Or. 4765, ff. 2v-3r.
¶ Collection of exegetical notes by the pupils of Rashi, commonly referred to as the Tosafist School, but erroneously ascribed to Joseph Bekhor Shor of Orléans. Many of the anthologies composed by the Tosafists lean heavily on Rashi, Joseph Bekhor Shor and other individually quoted exegetes. They are the biblical counterpart of the better known Tosafist commentaries on the Babylonian Talmud.




1120 bytes

1463 bytesKaraïte commentary on the Pentateuch
Jefet ha-Levi (10th century). Manuscript on paper, 16th century, Ottoman Empire. Oriental semi-cursive script.
Or. 4740, f. 1r.
¶ Karaïte commentary on Exodus and Leviticus. The author of this work is one of the most famous Karaïtes of the 10th century. He is well-known for his commentaries on the Bible and his rendering of the Bible into Arabic.
This manuscript contains notes by the 17th century Dutch orientalist and collector Levinus Warner (1619-1665).


vorige pagina volgende pagina