Bibliotheken Tentoonstellingen Judaica in Leiden

Judaica in Leiden

An exhibition in Leiden University Library at the occasion of the Congress of European Association of Jewish Studies, Amsterdam 21-25 juli 2002.

Inhoud

Introduction

I.
 BIBLE AND BIBLE COMMENTARIES
II.
 RABBINIC LITERATURE
III.
 LITURGY
IV.
 SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY
V.
 KARAITICA
VI.
 KABBALAH & MYSTICISM
VII.
 CHRISTIANITY AND HEBRAISM


III. LITURGY

Various prayerbooks
As these prayerbooks show, Jewish liturgical traditions developed differently in the various cultures where they settled. Rites, such as the Sefardi, Franco-German or the Yemenite are well-known. Apart from these rites the Leiden University Library houses an interesting manuscript containing the specific rite of Fez (Marocco), which is a less common one.


1199 bytesSelihot
Manuscript on parchment, 1347, Northern Europe. Ashkenazi square script, vocalised.
Or. 4721, f. 181r.
¶ Collection of penitential prayers for the High Holidays in the style of medieval liturgical poetry (piyyut).  Large volumes like these were placed on a lectern for use by the cantor during services in the synagogue.

 

1487 bytesSefer Mahzor le-Minhag ha-Toshavim kan Fas
Manuscript on paper and parchment, 17th century, Marocco. Sefardi-oriental cursive script.
Or. 4814, ff. 129v-130r.
¶ Prayerbook for the Festivals according to the rite of Fez. The opening displayed shows the beginning of the daily Amida-prayer. 

 


1379 bytes

1434 bytesTikhlal
Manuscript on paper, 17th century, Yemen. Yemenite semi-cursive script, vocalised.
Or. 6834, ff. 73v-74r.
¶ Yemenite prayerbook. Typical of the Tikhlal (Arab.: ‘crown’), as Yemenite  prayerbooks are called, is the inclusion of prayers for festival days. The opening is a specimen of semi-liturgical poetry typical of oriental communities, vocalised with the old super-linear system.

 

1528 bytes






 

 

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